BIOLOGY EOC PRACTICE QUESTIONS SECOND SEMESTER INFORMATION

1.Fish, amphibian, reptiles, birds, and mammals
a. Vertebrata b. Chordata c. Animalia d. Cephalochordata e. Urochordata


2. Sharks are members of the class
a. Agnatha b. Chordata c. Osteichthyes d. Chondricthyes e. Vertebrata


3. Amphibia
a. dog b. perch c. turtle d. frog e. robin


4. Osteichthyes
a. dog b. perch c. turtle d. frog e. robin


5. A true body cavity
a. coelom b. acoelum c. pseudocoelum d. none


6. Humans, apes, monkeys, and lemurs
a. Homo sapiens b. Cro-Magnus c. Primates d. Neanderthals e. none


7. Muscles are connected to bones by
a. ligaments b. tendons c. synovial fluid d. cartilage e-none


8. Muscle fibers are made of smaller units called
a.joints b.smooth fibers c.myofibrils d.ligaments


9. The place where two bones meet
a. joint b. sarcomere c. tendon d. ligament e. myofibrils


10. The skull and thorax
a. appendicular skeleton b. exoskeleton c. axial skeleton d. cartilage system


11. The lining of the intestines is made of
a. cardiac muscle b. smooth muscle c. skeletal muscle d. voluntary muscle


12. Units that make up myotibrils
a. synovial fluid b. ligaments c. tendons d. sarcomeres


13. Protects ends of bones
a. synovial fluid b. ligaments c. tendons d. sarcomeres


14. Muscles that bend a joint
a. flexors b. extensors c. abductors d. adductors e. none


15. Cardiac muscle is found in the
a. stomach b. heart c. intestine d. liver e. brain


16. The liquid portion of the blood
a. erythrocyte b. plasma c. thrombocyte d. leukocyte e. platelets


17. The protective sac that surrounds the heart
a. periosteum b. pericardium c. ventricle d. lymph e. atrium


18. The flow of blood to and from the lungs is what kind of circulation
a. systemic b. renal c. lymphatic d. pulmonary e. none


19. Carries oxygen
a. erythrocyte b. plasma c. thrombocyte d. leukocyte e. platelets


20. Large artery
a. atrium b. ventricle c. tricuspid valve d. bicuspid valve e. aorta


21. Valve on left side of the heart
a. atrium b. ventricle c. tricuspid valve d. bicuspid valve e. aorta


22. Top chamber of the heart
a. atrium b. ventricle c. tricuspid valve d. bicuspid valve e. aorta


23. The smallest type ot the blood vessel
a. vein b. venule c. capillary d. arteriole e. arteries


24. What blood type is known as the universal donor
a. 0 b. A c. B d. AB e. none


25. The blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
a.vein b.venule c.capillary d. arteriole e. arteries


26. The tiny air sacs in the lungs are called
a. pleura b. vocal cords c. alveoli d. receptors e. bronchioles


27. Connects two different types of tubules
a. loop of Henle b. Proximal tubules c. distal tubules d. collecting duct e. filtrate


28. Tubes not located near the glomerulus
a. loop of Henle b. Proximal tubules c. distaj tubules d. collecting duct e. filtrate


29. Liquid filtered from the blood
a. loop of Henle b. Proximal tubules c. distal tubules d. collecting duct e. fiftrate


30. Empties into the pelvis
a. loop of Henle b. Proximal tubules c. distal tubules d. collecting duct e. filtrate


31. The bed of capillaries located at the end of the renal artery
a. collecting duct b. Bowman's capsule c. nephron d. loop of Henle e. filtrate


32. Insulin is secreted by the
a. pineal gland b. thyroid gland c. islets of Langerhans d. thymus gland e. nephron


33. Which of the following glands are important in a time of emergency
a. parathyroid b. adrenal c. pituitary d. thymus e. kidney


34. Which of these glands could be the cause of high blood pressure and an overactive metabolism
a. thyroid b. parathyroid c. adrenal d. pituitary e. thymus


35. The main result of the release of insulin is
a. an increase in the level of blood sugar
b. a decrease in the level of blood sugar
c. the production of antibodies
d. a lowering of calcium in the blood


36. Which of the following glands is called the master gland
a. pineal b. thyroid c. thymus d. pituitary e. adrenal


37. Thymosin
a. thyroid b. pituitary c. adrenal d. pancreas e. thymus


38. Growth hormone
a. thyroid b. pituitary c. adrenal d. pancreas e. thymus


39. Thyroxine
a. thyroid b. pituitary c. adrenal d. pancreas e. thymus


40. Adrenaline
a. thyroid b. pituitary c.adrenal d. pancreas e. thymus


42. Nerve cells
a. synaptic vesicle b. meninges c. Schwann cells d. myelin e. neurons


43. The brain and the spinal cord make up
a. PNS b. CNS c. autonomic NS d. somatic NS e. none


44.The part of the eye that contains receptor cells
a. retina b. pupil c. iris d. cornea e. sclerea


45. A nerve cell that is resting is said to be
a. depolarized b. polarized c. neurotransmitting d. sensory


46. The long fibers that carry a nerve impulse away from a nerve cell
a. axon b. dendrites c. Schwann cell d. nodes of Ranvier e. myelin


47. Responsible for the sense of smell
a. Eustachian tube b. olfactory receptors c. humors d. cerebrum e. medulla


48. Brain stem
a. Eustachian tube b. olfactory receptars c.humors d.cerebrum e.medulla


49. Liquids in the eye
a.Eustachiantube b.olfactory receptars c.humors d.cerebrum e.medulla


50. Equalizes air pressure
a. Eustachian tube b. olfactory receptars c.humors d.cerebrum e.medulla


51. Divided into two hemispheres
a. Eustachian tube b. olfactory receptars c.humors d.cerebrum e.medulla


52. The gap between two nerves
a. axon b. synapsis c. nodes of Ranvier d. dendrite e. axon


53. The area where sperm are stored before being released
a. vas deferens b. testes c. urethra d. epididymis e. scrotum


54. The production of eggs
a. organogenesis b. spermatogenesis c. oogenesis d. ovulation e. none


55. The tubes that carry oxygen to the lungs are the
a. alveoli b. bronchioles c. tracheas d. pleura e. esophagus


56. Which of the following muscles is important in the process of breathing
a. stemomastoid b. biceps c. latissimus dorsi d. diaphragm


57. When a person breathes in, the ribs move
a. up and in b. down and in c. up and out d. down and out e. none


58. In internal respiration, gases are
a. exchanged between the blood and cells
b. exchanged between the lungs and atmosphere
c. warmed
d. moistened


59. The voice box
a. pharynx b. epigiottis c. larynx d. lung e. bronchioles


60. Flap that covers the trachea
a. pharynx b. epigiottis c. larynx d. lung e. bronchioles


61. Small tubes ending in air sacs
a. pharynx b. epiglottis c. larynx d. lung e. bronchioles


62. Where the exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood takes place
a. lungs b. veins c. pharynx d. bronchioles e. arteries


63. Breathingiscontrolledbywhatregionotthebrain
a.medulla b.cerebrum c.cerebellum d.optic lobe e.temporal lobe


64. Enzymes are very important catalysts in the body. They are classified as
a. fats b. carbohydrates c. proteins d. nucleic acids e. lipids


65. The liver produces
a. bolus b. pancreatic juice c. gastricjuice d. amylase e.bile


66. Bile breaks down
a. starch b. carbohydrates c. proteins d. nucleic acids e. lipids


67. The folds in the small intestine are covered by small projections called
a. chyme b. vi0i c. bolus d. sphincters e. pharynx


68. The muscle contractions that occur in the esophagus are
a. viiii b. peristalsis c. bolus d. chyme e. duodenum


69. Largest gland in the body
a. colon b. liver c. stomach d. pharynx e. pancreas


70. Common passageway for the digestive and respiratory system
a. colon b. liver c. stomach d. pharynx e. pancreas


71. Large intestine
a. colon b. liver c. stomach d. pharynx e. pancreas


72. Located beneath the stomach
a. colon b. liver c. stomach d. pharynx e. pancreas


73. J-shaped organ
a. colon b. liver c. stomach d. pharynx e. pancreas


74. Bile secreted in the liver is stored in the
a. colon b. bile duct c. stomach d. gall bladder e. pancreas


75. The duodenum is the first section of the
a. small intestine b. colon c. large intestine d. stomach e.pancreas


76. The mixture of enzymes, acid and mucus in the stomach
a. gastric juice b. bile c. bolus d. pancreatic juice e. chyme


77. The tubes that carry waste products from the kidneys to the bladder
a. urethra b. ureters c. nephrons d. medulas e. renal


78. The collecting duct empties in to the cavity called the renal
a. pelvis b. medulla c. cortex d. nephron e. vein


79. VVhich of the flowing stores urine until ft is ready to be removed
a. bladder b. pelvis c. urethra d. ureter e. cortex


80. Which of the following hormones released from the pituitary gland is responsible for the growth of layers around the egg
a. FSH b. LH c. estrogen d. progesterone e. GNRH


81. The cell division of a zygote
a. gestation b. ovulation c. cleavage d. fertilization e. mitosis


82. The release of the egg from the follicle
a. fertilization b. menstruation c. ovulation d. oviducts e. gonads


83. Joining of the egg and the sperm
a. fertilization b. menstruation c. ovulation d. oviducts e. gonads


84. Ovaries and testes
a. fertilization b. menstruation c. ovulation d. oviducts e. gonads


85. The fallopian tubes
a. fertilization b. menstruation c. ovulation d. oviducts e. gonads


86. Shedding of the uterine lining
a. fertilization b. menstruation c. ovulation d. oviducts e. gonads


87. The hollow ball of cells
a. gastrula b. blastopore c. blastula d. blastocoel e. embryo


88. Implantation of the egg occurs in the
a. fallopian tube b. uterus c. oviduct d. gonad e. testes


89. A substance that causes a immune response
a. antibiotic b. antigen c. B cell d. Tcell e. leukocyte


90. Viruses that enter the body are attacked by
a. antibiotics b. antibodies c. antigens d. interferon


91. Memory cells provide the body with
a. immunity b. toxins c. antigens d. interferon e. antibiotics


92. Kill diseased cells
a.helper T-cells b.killer t-cells c. B cells d. vaccines e. toxins


93. Produce antibodies
a.helper T-cells b.killer t-cells c. B cells d. vaccines e. toxins


94. Poisonous to cells
a.helper T-cells b.killer t-cells c. B cells d. vaccines e. toxins


95. A plant's response to water
a. geotropism b. thigmatropism c. hydrotropism d. phototropism


96. Which of the following hormones regulates phototropism
a. cytokinin b. giberellin c. ethylene d. auxin


97. Response to light
a. geotropism b. thigmotropism c. hydrotropism d. phototropism e. chemotropism


98. Response to gravity
a. geotropism b. thigmotropism c. hydrotropism d. phototropism e. chemotropism


99. The slowing down of a physiological activity during the winter
a. tidal rhythms b. hibernation c. estivation d. torpor e. lunar rhythms


100. Animals that are active at night
a. nocturnal b. tidal c. diurnal d. zeitgebers


101. A response that is repeated so often that R becomes automatic
a. reasoning b. conditioning c. habituation d. imprinting e. instinct


102. First defined imprinting
a. Pavlov b. Lorenz c. Darwin d. Watson


103. When birds build a nest
a. reasoning b. conditioning c. habituation d. imprinting e. instinct


104. Which is innate
a. trial and error b. taxis c. imprinting d. conditioning e. none


105. No thinking involved
a. innate b. conditioning c. reflex d. imprinting e. reasoning


106. Found only in the polar regions of the northern hemisphere
a. deciduous forest b. savanna c. grassland d. tundra e. rain forest


107. Animals that live attached to a surface
a. sessile b. pelagic c. medusa d. eutrophic e. abiotic


108. Another name for a coniferous forest
a. canopy b. taiga c. pampa d. tundra e. rain forest


109. ENome with the least amount of rainfall
a. deciduous forest b. grassland c. tundra d. taiga e. desert


110. Plankton are found here
a.tundra b. grassland c. desert d. coniferous forest e. marine


111. Permafrost is found here
a. tundra b. grassland c. desert d. coniferous forest e. marine


112. All the members of a given species living in a certain area
a.community b.biome c.population d.habitat e.niche


113. Both organisms benefit
a.parasitism b.mutualism c.succession d.commensalism e.none


114. Succession on a bare rock is
a. primary b. secondary c. tertiary d. a nutrient cycle


115. Which of the following trophic levels will be found at the bottom of an energy pyramid
a.prodlicers b.decomposers c.consumers d.herbivores e.saprobes


116. A gradual change in an ecosystem
a. niche b. host c. symbiosis d. succession e. saprophyte


117. Adecomposer
a.niche b.host c.symbiosis d.succession e.saprophyte


118. Job in an ecosystem
a.niche b.host c.symbiosis d.succession e. saprophyte


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