PARTS OF THE CELL OUTLINE

I. Introduction

A.     Historical background (Hooke, Schleiden, Schwann, Virchow)

B.     Cell Theory

C.     Cytology

 

II. Anatomy and Physiology of the cell

A.     Structure and Function

B.     Cell Membrane

1.      selectively permeable

2.      composition

a. fluid mosaic model (lipid bilayer, hydrophilic, hydrophobic)

b. integral versus peripheral proteins

c. glycocalyx

d. microvilli

3.      junctions (tight, desmosomes, gap)

4.      movement

a. Passive Transport

    diffusion (concentration gradient)

    osmosis (hypertonic, hypotonic, isotonic)

    facilitate diffusion (carrier molecules)

    filtration (pressure gradient, filtrate)

b. Active Transport (exocytosis and endocytosis, phagocytosis, pinocytosis)

C.     Cytoplasm

D.     Mitochondria

E.      Ribosomes (attached and free)

F.      Endoplasmic Reticulum (smooth and rough)

G.     Golgi Apparatus/body

H.     Lysosomes

I.        Peroxisomes

J.       Cytoskeleton (microtubules, microfilaments, intermediates)

K.    Centrosomes (centrioles, cilia, flagella)

L.      Nucleus (nuclear membrane, nucleolus, nucleoplasm, DNA, RNA)