DNA AND CELL DIVISION OUTLINE

 

I.  DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid)

A.     structure (nucleotides, nitrogen bases, Chargaff’s law, triplets)

B.     Replication

1.      Unwinding (helicase)

2.      Template (complementary base pairing)

3.      Winding (DNA polymerase)

4.      Semiconservative replication

 

II.  RNA and Protein Synthesis

A.     RNA Structure

B.     Differences between RNA and DNA

C.     Transcription

D.     Translation (codon, anticodon)

 

III.  Mitosis and Meiosis

  1. Interphase
  2. Prophase
  3. Metaphase
  4. Anaphase
  5. Telophase and Cytokinesis
  6. Differences between the two